Submitted to Fulfill the Assignment of Structure 3
Lecturer : Nur Muthmainah, S.Pd.i , M.Pd.
Arranged by :
1. Shintiya Isnaini Dewi 113-14- 062
2. Dwi Jayanti 113-14-163
3. Septian Dimas Saputra 113-14-156
4. Lailatul Maghfiroh 113-14-200
English Education Department
Institute of Islamic Study (IAIN) Salatiga
Preference is used to express something that is preferred. sometimes also used to compare between the two things that should have been one of them. we have to learn about the preference because it is important to communicate in everyday life.
B. Formula of Problem
1. What is the meaning of preferences ?
2. How many kinds of preferences ?
3. What is the purpose of using preferences ?
1. Understanding what preferences is.
2. To know the kinds of preferences.
3. To know the purpose of using preferences.
A. Definition of preference
Preference is expression of a greater liking one thing or one person better than others. Preference usually used to give an advice, offering something, or asking opinion.
B. Types of preference
Prefer is used to say we like one thing or activity more than another.
a. We can use a prepositional phrase with to when we compere two things of action or politely ask someone to do something.
· Subject + Prefer+to infinitive
e.g: they prefer to go now
e.g:my brother prefer ball to candy
e.g:he prefers diving to surving
· subject+prefer+someone(subject)+to invinitive
e.g:I prefers he goes to bed
b. Typical errors
We don’t use than after prefer.
e.g: He prefers ball to candy
2. Would Prefer
a. Would prefer or d’ prefer that followed by to-invinitive or a noun is used to talk about present and future preference.
Subject+would prefer+to infinitive/noun
· We would prefer to study mathematic.
· Mila would prefer to buy a new car.
b. Would prefer or ‘d prefer can also used to say that we would like to do one thing more than another, we can introduce the second thing with rather then, followed by an invinitove without to,gerund,or noun.
Subject + would prefer + to infinitive + rather than + infinitive / gerund/noun
· Alika would rather to drink juice rather than coffe.
· Booby would prefer to be a modal rather than become an engineer.
c. Would prefer or ‘d prefer also used to explain the action of another person.
Subject+would prefer+object pronoun+to infinitive+verb
· He would prefer me to come his wedding party.
3. Would rather
Would rather or ‘d rather is used to talk about preffering one thing to another.
a. There are four kind of would rather form:
· Subject+would rather+verb1(infinitive without to)
e.g: we would rather sing now.
· Subject+would rather+infinitive+than+infinitive
e.g: I would rather stay home than go shopping.
· Subject+would rather+infinitive+noun+than+infinitive+noun
e.g: we would rather play ball than play card.
· Subject+would rather+someone+verb2
e.g: I would rather you worked yesterday.
b. Typical errors
· We dont use would rather or would sooner with an-ing form or a to-infinitive
e.g: I dont need a lift, I would orather walk.
· When we use not reffering to a different subject, we attach not to the second clause.
e.g: I would rather they didn’t tell anyone.
4. Had better
Had better is used to refer to the present or the future, to talk about actions we think people sould do or which are desirable in a spesific situation. The verb form is a always had, not have. We normally shorten it to ‘d better in informal situations. It is followed by the invinitive without to.
· I had better go now before the trafic gets too bad.
Had better is a strong expression. We use it if we think there will be negative result if some one does not do what is desire or suggest:
· she had better get here soon or the she’ll miss the opening ceremony.
· Subject+like+gerund+better than+gerund
e.g: she likes singing a song better than playing a guitar.
· Subject+like+noun+better than+noun
e.g: they like coffe better than tea.
6. Instead of
Instead of used to replace of: than, to, better than, rather than.
Formula: instead of+gerund/noun
· I prefer staying home instead of going out.
· They would rather eat their lunch instead of work.
· I would prefer to invite them instead of him.
· He likes me instead of him.
Preference is expression of a greater liking one thing or one person better tha others. Preference usually used to giving an advice, offering something, or asking opinion.
Preference has several types, namely prefers, would prefer, would rather, had better, like and instead of.